Freight Logistics Observatories in Latin America and the Caribbean
The creation of national observatories is a new process in the region, with different characteristics in each country. Currently Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay and Uruguay work with the support of the IDB to implement their observatories. With the additional support of a Regional Public Good, the countries of Mesoamerica have also advanced in putting in place a sub-regional freight transport and logistics observatory. In all cases, the IDB has provided technical and financial assistance to implement these initiatives.
The benefits of the observatory network
Through the observatory network, the IDB seeks to promote local capacity development and the sharing of experiences between countries in the region. The use of methodologies and indicators developed by the Freight Transport and Logistics Regional Observatory encourages dialogue between national observatories by establishing common criteria to measure performance in the sector, identify challenges and evaluate the efficiency of improvement measures.
What are the steps to establishing an observatory?
- Analysis of the logistics sector and expected demands. The demands that the observatory will address should be specified, based on a reflection upon the country’s challenges in terms of logistics and trade facilitation.
- Institutional design. The observatory should be designed according to the analysis of the logistics sector, organization of the state, and legal framework. Its location, mechanisms of government, organization and coordination with diverse actors and funding sources, among other aspects, should also be clearly defined.
- Work plan. Finally, the activities to be undertaken should be identified as well as their content, who is responsible for them and what resources are needed to carry them out.